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Kigali

Ni ryari ukatirwa iminsi 30 y’agateganyo ukisanga umaze imyaka ibiri muri gereza?

Yanditswe na: Peacemaker Pundit
Taliki:21/06/2023 21:06
2


Mu mahame y’amategeko ubundi bavuga ko ubutabera butinze buba busa n’ubutarabayeho (Justice delayed justice denied). Mu mategeko y’u Rwanda, biteganyijwe ko nta muntu uba agomba kumara amezi atandatu urubanza rutaraburanishwa mu mizi ngo akatirwe cyangwa abe umwere arekurwe.



Mu Rwanda habarirwa imfungwa n’abagororwa bagera ku bihumbi 84, muri bo ibihumbi 73.660 baraburanishijwe bakatirwa n’inkiko, abandi hafi 11.130 baracyari mu nzira zo kuburana, mu gihe abakijurira bashaka gusubirishamo imanza bagera ku 5880.

Imibare ya Komisiyo y’Uburenganzira bwa muntu igaragaza ko mu 2020-21, gereza zari zifungiwemo abantu 76.099 mu gihe zifite ubushobozi bwo kwakira abantu 61.301. Ni imibare yakomeje kuzamuka buri mwaka, kuko mu 2017 abantu bafunzwe bari 58.230. Bivuze ko biyongereyeho 30,6%.

Ni kenshi mu nkuru z’imanza z’ibyamamare twandika ko umuntu runaka yakatiwe gufungwa iminsi 30 y’agateganyo. Abatazi amategeko ntabwo bamenya iyo minsi igihe izarangirira.

Dufashe urugero nka Tity Brown (umubyinnyi wabigize umwuga) amaze umwaka n’amezi atandatu muri gereza aho afunzwe iminsi 30 y’agateganyo. Urubanza rwe rwasubitswe inshuro eshanu.

Usesenguye neza wasanga ariwe ufite izina rizwi mu myidagaduro wasubikiwe urubanza inshuro nyinshi kuva twatangira gukurikirana inkuru z’ibyamamare mu butabera. Ariko rero si we gusa kuko ari kumwe n’abasaga ibihumbi 11.130 nabo bategereje kuburana mu mizi bakaba abere bagataha cyangwa se bagahamwa n’ibyaha bagakomeza kurya umunyururu.

Mu mwaka wa 2021/2022 Ubushinjacyaha bwakiriye amadosiye 83.349 yari akurikiranywemo abantu bagera ku 106.554.

Amadosiye 43.645 yaregewe inkiko mu gihe 39.211 yafatiwe ibyemezo, ni ukuvuga ko hari abarekuwe bagasubira mu buzima busanzwe.

Ingingo ya 66 y’itegeko Nº 027/2019 ryo ku wa 19/09/2019 ryerekeye imiburanishirize y’imanza z’inshinjabyaha, igena ko umuntu ukekwaho icyaha kuba yakurikiranwa adafunzwe ari ihame.

Kugeza ubu Gereza zo mu Rwanda, zifungiyemo abarenga ibihumbi 84 mu gihe muri 2020 bari ibihumbi 66, ni ukuvuga ko ubucucike bwavuye ku 136% bugera ku 174%.

Ubusanzwe amategeko yo mu Rwanda, avuga ko kuba umuntu ukurikiranyweho icyaha yaburana adafunze ari ihame, akaba yafungwa mu gihe hari impamvu zikomeye. Hano na Maitre yabigarutseho mu kiganiro twagiranye. 

Yagize ati: "Hari igihe ufungirwa muri gereza kubera ko hari ibishobora kubangamira iperereza. Kandi ukaba watoroka ubutabera. Biranashoboka kuba watera ubwoba abatangabuhamye. Rero gukatirwa iminsi 30 y'agateganyo biteganywa n'amategeko."

Hari impamvu zitandukanye amategeko ateganya ko ifungwa ry’iminsi 30 ry’agateganyo rishobora kwiyongera rikaba ryarenga iminsi isanzwe 30. Gusa kugira ngo usobanukirwe neza reka duhere ku nzira umuntu ukurikiranyweho icyaha acamo mbere yo gukatirwa n’urukiko.

Ubundi mu mategeko ukurikiranyweho icyaha aca mu nzira 3 mbere yo gukatirwa n’urukiko. Izo nzira ni igihe cyo gukusanya ibimenyetso (Pre trial phase), igihe cy’iburanisha (Trial phase) n’igihe cy’ikatirwa mu gihe iburanisha rirangiye (Sentencing).

Mu gihe cy’ikusanywa ry’ibimenyetso, abahura n’ushinjwa ni Ubugenzacyaha n’Ubushinjachaha. Mu Rwanda imirimo y’Ubugenzacyaha ikorwa na RIB gusa n’izindi nzego zibihererwa ububasha n’itegeko zishobora gukora izi nshingano (urugero: Urwego rw’Igihugu rushinzwe Abinjira n’Abasohoka). Muri iki cyiciro Ubugenzacyaha bukorana bya hafi n’ubushinjacyaha kugeza igihe uregwa agejejwe mu rukiko aje kuburana ku cyaha aba akurikiranyweho.

Ubushinjachaha bufite inshingano zo gusaba Ubugenzacyaha gukomeza gushaka ibimenyetso mu gihe hari ibigishakishwa biba bitaraboneka bwamara kubona byuzuye bugategura inyandiko ikubiyemo ikirego iba igomba gushyikirizwa urukiko (Indictment).

Mbere y’uko umuntu agezwa imbere y’urukiko nabwo aba ashobora gufungwa by’agateganyo. Amategeko yemerera Ubugenzacyaha n’Ubushinjacyaha gufunga muri cachot by’agateganyo ukekwaho icyaha kugira ngo adacika cyangwa ngo abe yabangamira iperereza rikiri gukorwa.

Mu Bugenzacyaha, itegeko riteganya ko umuntu ashobora gufungwa iminsi itanu. Icyakora iyo Ubushinjacyaha bubonye ko iperereza ritararangira na bwo bwemerewe kumarana umuntu iminsi itanu muri Cachot , ishobora kwiyongeraho indi minsi itanu mu gihe iperereza ritarasozwa.

Iyi minsi itanu yindi ihabwa ukurikiranyweho icyaha nyuma y’urwandiko bita Map itangwa n’Ubushinjachaha isabira ukurikiranyweho icyaha kuguma muri cachot hanyuma ibimenyetso bwamara kubibona bugategura Dossier ikubiyemo ikirego (Indictment cyangwa Acte d’accusation) akaba aribwo bugena niba ikibazo gishobora kujyanwa mu rukiko cyangwa ntikijyanweyo.

Iyo ukurikiranyweho icyaha ageze mu rukiko habanza kubaho kuburana ku ifungwa ry’agateganyo ry’iminsi 30 cyangwa irekurwa uregwa akajya yitaba urukiko avuye hanze.

Aha buri ruhande rutanga impamvu zarwo ku ifungwa cyangwa ku irekurwa ry’agateganyo. Ubushinjacyaha bushobora kuburana bugaragaza ko uregwa arekuwe ashobora guhohotera uwakorewe icyaha (victim), gusibanganya ibimenyetso cyangwa gutoroka ubutabera, n’izindi mpamvu,…

Abunganira uregwa na bo iki gihe bashobora kugaragaza ko uregwa adakwiriye gufungwa iminsi 30 kubera uburwayi afite, imico ye isanzwe ari myiza, uburyo yafatanyije n’Ubugenzacyaha n’Ubushinjacyaha mu gihe cy’iperereza, inshingano afite mu muryango (urugero ari nk’umugore wonsa) n’izindi mpamvu,…

Urukiko ruburanisha ikirego ku ifunga n’ifungurwa ry’agateganyo mu gihe kitarenze iminsi ibiri (2) y’akazi.

Itegeko Nº 027/2019 ryo ku wa 19/09/2019 ryerekeye imiburanishirize y’imanza z’inshinjabyaha …riteganya ko Urukiko rufata icyemezo ku ifunga n’ifungura ry’agateganyo mu gihe kitarenze iminsi itatu (3) y’akazi iburanisha ripfundikiwe.

Umucamanza rero mu gihe cyo gusoma urubanza ku ifungwa n’ifungurwa ry’agateganyo asuzuma impamvu akagena niba ifungwa ry’agateganyo rikwiriye cyangwa ridakwiriye.

Impamvu iminsi y’ifungwa ry’agateganyo ishobora kurenga 30

Mu ngingo ya 79 y’itegeko Nº 027/2019 ryo ku wa 19/09/2019 ryerekeye imiburanishirize y’imanza z’inshinjabyaha hateganya ko icyemezo cy’uko ukurikiranyweho icyaha aba afunzwe by’agateganyo kimara iminsi mirongo itatu (30) habariwemo umunsi cyafashweho.

Iyo iyo minsi irangiye, gishobora kongerwaho indi mirongo itatu (30) bigakomeza gutyo. Kongera icyo gihe cy’iminsi mirongo itatu (30) bigomba gutangirwa ibisobanuro by’icyakozwe mu minsi mirongo itatu (30) ya mbere ku bijyanye n’iperereza n’ikigambiriwe gukorwa muri icyo gihe cy’inyongera gisabwa.

Icyakora, ku byaha byoroheje, iyo igihe cy’iminsi mirongo itatu (30) kirangiye ntigishobora kongerwa. Ku byaha bikomeye, iyo minsi ntishobora kongerwa nyuma y’amezi atatu (3) umuntu afunzwe, na nyuma y’amezi atandatu (6) ku byaha by’ubugome.

Iyo ibihe bivugwa muri iki gika birangiye dosiye idashyikirijwe urukiko, ufunzwe by’agateganyo ararekurwa agakurikiranwa ari hanze.

Icyemezo cyongera ifungwa ry’agateganyo gifatwa n’Urukiko hakurikijwe uburyo n’ibihe biteganywa n’ingingo ya 77 y’itegeko rigena imiburanishirize y’imanza nshinjabyaha .

Icyemezo cyo gufungwa by’agateganyo cyangwa kongera igifungo bigomba gusobanura impamvu zabyo.

Icyemezo cyo gufungura cyangwa kongera igihe cyo gufungwa by’agateganyo, gifatwa n’umucamanza uri hafi y’aho ukurikiranyweho icyaha afungiye amaze gusuzuma niba impamvu zatumye umucamanza wa mbere afata icyemezo cyo gufunga zigihari.

Ifungwa ry’agateganyo rishobora no gutegekwa iyo ukurikiranyweho icyaha atubahirije ku bushake ibyo yategetswe n’urukiko. Iyo umuntu avuye ku ifungwa ry’agateganyo habaho kuburanisha urubanza mu mizi (hearing to the merits of the case) iburanishwa ry’urubanza mu mizi ni ryo rigena ibihano ku cyaha ushinjwa akurikiranyweho( awarded penalties) cyangwa irekurwa ( release).

Ibindi abasomyi ba Inyarwanda mwamenya ni uko mu gihe hatabayeho kuburanisha urubanza mu mizi ngo umuntu akatirwe, ntabwo abarwaho ubusembwa (criminal records).

Mu mahame y’amategeko ubundi bavuga ko ubutabera butinze buba busa n’ubutarabayeho (Justice delayed justice denied ) mu mategeko y’u Rwanda biteganyijwe ko nta muntu uba agomba kumara amezi atandatu urubanza rutaraburanishwa mu mizi ngo akatirwe cyangwa abe umwere arekurwe.

INKURU WASOMA BIFITANYE ISANO

REBA IKIGANIRO NA MAITRE MUSHIMIRWANGIRO JEAN SAUVEUR ASOBANURA IBY'IMINSI 30 Y'AGATEGANYO







TANGA IGITECYEREZO

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  • ernestnesty5@gmail.com8 months ago
    Ibyo biradibanutse ariko TITI BROWN araharrnganiye cyane Bagire barebe icyo babikoraho . Murakoze
  • Kkk8 months ago
    Titi nta buroko arakora harimo n'abamaze imyaka irenga 2,3,4,5 bari ku minsi 30 y'agateganyo.





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