Inyarwanda art Studio
Kigali

Menya byinshi ku ndwara ya Diabete y’isukari nyinshi mu maraso

Yanditswe na: Kaliza Liliane
Taliki:10/09/2019 14:48
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Diyabete cyangwa se iNdwara y’igisukari (diabetes mellitus) ni indwara yibasira uburyo umubiri ukoresha isukari (isukari yo mu maraso izwi nka glucose), uyirwaye agira isukari nyinshi mu maraso, bitewe n’uko umubiri ukora umusemburo wa insuline nabi cyangwa se uturemangingo tw’umubiri tutumva neza insuline.



Glucose ni ingenzi mu mubiri cyane kuko ni yo soko y’imbaraga umubiri ukoresha, niyo ituma uturemangingo dushobora gukora neza, kandi ifasha ubwonko mu mikorere n’imitekerereze.

Umurwayi wayo arangwa no kugira isukari nyinshi cyane kurenza ikenewe mu maraso. Ibi bitera ibibazo bitandukanye mu mikorere y’umubiri n’ubuzima muri rusange. Nubwo impamvu zituma isukari yiyongera zitandukanye, gusa byose bitera ikibazo gikomeye.

Dore ubwoko bwa Diabete

Habaho ubwoko 3 butandukanye, nubwo ubuzwi cyane ari 2:

Diyabete ya 1.Aha umubiri ntuba ubashije gukora insulin. Ubu bwoko buza umuntu akiri muto kandi igaragara ku bantu bacye. Abarwayi ba diyabete ya 1 bagomba kwitera inshinge za insulin ubuzima bwabo bwose, aba bagomba kandi guhora bapima ibipimo by’isukari mu maraso ndetse bakagira n’ibyo barya byihariye.

Diyabete ya 2.Umubiri ntuba ukora insulin ihagije cyangwa se uturemangingo tw’umubiri twinangira ku mikorere ya insulin (insulin resistance). Ubu bwoko akenshi ntibugaragaza ibimenyetso, bigenda biba bibi uko igihe gishira, umurwayi akaba yakenera nawe ibinini biringaniza insulin. Umubyibuho ukabije, kudakora imyitozo ngororamubiri no kurya nabi ni bimwe mu bishobora gutera ubu bwoko bwa 2. Uko umuntu agenda akura kandi niko ibyago byo kuyirwara bigenda byiyongera

Diyabete iterwa no gusama (gestational diabetes).Yibasira abagore batwite. Abagore bamwe na bamwe bagira isukari nyinshi mu maraso, umubiri wabo ntubashe gukora insulin ihagije mu gutwara iyo sukari no kuyibika mu turemangingo, nuko igakomeza kwiyongera mu maraso.

Ivurwa mu gihe umugore atwite, iyo itavuwe neza bitera ibibazo bikomeye ku nda. Imyitozo ngorora mubiri ikwiye ndetse no kurya neza byafasha umugore kuyirwanya.

Diyabete yo mu bwoko bwa 2 niyo iboneka cyane ku bantu benshi (90% y’abarwayi baba bafite ubwoko bwa 2), ishobora kuza igihe cyose nubwo abakuru aribo igaragaraho cyane. Naho ubwoko bwa 1 bukunda kugaragara cyane ku bana bato n’ingimbi.

Diyabete ntipimirwa gusa mu maraso no mu nkari igaragaramo. Mu nkari z’umurwayi hagaragaramo ibipimo biri hejuru by’isukari (ku muntu muzima nta sukari ishobora kugaragara mu nkari kuko yose iguma mu mubiri ntisohoke).

Ibi bipimo bitangwa na laboratwali, uretse ko ubu hari n’utundi dukoresho (utumashini dupima diyabete) tworoshye gukoresha nawe wakwigurira muri farumasi.

Ese ni gute diyabete ivurwa?

Izi diyabete zose, iyo zikurikiranywe neza nta bibazo bikomeye zitera. Iyo mu bwoko bwa 1 nta muti igira, uyirwara ubuzima bwawe bwose. Iyo mu bwoko bwa 2 nayo uyirwara ubuzima bwose nubwo yo ushobora kubaho nta miti ukenera igihe cyose witaye ku buzima bwawe; ukora sport, ukarya bikwiye ndetse ukagira ibiro biri ku murongo.

Iyo idakurikiranywe ngo ivurwe neza itera ibindi bibazo bikomeye mu mubiri, bimwe mubyo twavuga harimo:Umuvuduko ukabije w’amaraso, Ibibazo by’uruhu, Indwara zitandukanye z’amaso nka glaucoma, ishaza mu maso, n’indwara y’amaso ituruka kuri diyabete, Ibibazo mu mutwe; iyo idacunzwe neza bishobora gutera kwigunga bikabije, kudatuza muri wowe n’ibindi bibazo by’imitekerereze, Ibibazo by’umutima; hari indwara zitandukanye z’umutima zishobora guterwa n’iyi ndwara.

Ni gute wakwirinda diyabete?

Iyi ndwara isaba kwitabwaho bihagije, mu kuyirinda bisaba:

Kurya neza no kugira ibiro bikwiye. Niba ubyibushye bikabije ni ngombwa gushaka uko wagabanya ibiro. Indyo nziza kandi iboneye ni igizwe n’imbuto n’imboga nyinshi, ukagabanya amavuta menshi n’ibinure bituzuye.

Imyitozo ngororamubiri: Gukora sport kenshi ushoboye bishobora kukurinda ikibanziriza diyabete ndetse na diyabete yo mu bwoko bwa 2 no ku barwaye diyabete ya 2 bibafasha kuringaniza igipimo cy’isukari. Iminota 30 ku munsi y’imyitozo ngorora mubiri iba ihagije.

Src: medlineplus.gov







IBITECYEREZO

  • nkurikiye j damas1 week ago
    nonese ko mutubwiyeko kwirinda diabetes harimo no gufata indyo nziza nkubu abantu bafunze bayirwaye babaho gute kd akenshi barya ibigori?? ese uburenganzira bwo kubona ibyo bikenewe byose baba babufite?? Leta yarikwiriye kujya idohorera abantu bafite bene izo ndwara zikomeye bakabona uburyo bwo kwitabwaho cyaane


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