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Amerika yemeje burundu Remdesivir nk'umuti wa Coronavirus ihita inawuha izina rishya’Veklury’

Yanditswe na: Eric Misigaro
Taliki:23/10/2020 9:42
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Mu gihe Isi iri mu bihombo yatewe n’icyorezo cya covid-19 bivugwa ko nta muti ndetse nurukingo igira. Magingo aya, mu gihugu cya America abagenzuzi b'imiti bemeje burundu umuti urwanya virusi wa remdesivir nk'ugiye kuvurishwa abarwayi ba Covid-19 bari mu bitaro



Uyu munsi wa none abarenga 42,009,491 bamaze kwandura icyorezo cya covid-19 naho abagera 1,142,942 bamaze guhitanwa niyi ndwara ku Isi hose. Muri aba bwaye iki cyorezo abagera kuri 20.61% n’abaturage ba America. Kuri iyi nshuro ikigo cy'Amerika gishinzwe ubuziranenge bw'imiti n'ibiribwa (FDA) cyatangajeko umuti wari warahawe izina rya Remdesivir ugiye gukoreshwa mukuvura abaturage barwaye covid-19.

Uyu muti bavugako ugarukanye imbaraga wahise uhwabwa izina rishya rya Veklury, mu bitangazwa n’ubushakashatsi bwakozwe bivugwa ko uyu muti ugabanyaho iminsi itanu ku igihe bifata ngo abarwayi boroherwe.

Ikigo gishinzwe ubuziranenge n’imiti muri America mu butumwa butiza imbaraga uyu muti ryagiraga riti: "Veklury ni wo muti wa mbere wa COVID-19 ubonye uruhushya rwa FDA".

Nubwo ibi biri kuba ishami ry'umuryango w'abibumbye ryita ku buzima (OMS/WHO) riherutse gutangaza ko nubwo benshi barangamiye uyu muti wa remdesivir ko ntakamaro ufite gakomeye ndetse ko kajya kungana na hafi ya ntako mu bijyane no gukira ku mu rwayi wa covid-19.


OMS yavuze ko ibyo ibishingira ku bushakashatsi bwayo bwite - ariko uruganda Gilead rukora uwo muti rwamaganye ibyo byavuye mu bushakashatsi bwa OMS. Kuva mu kwezi kwa gatanu, remdesivir yari yemewe gukoreshwa muri Amerika nk'umuti w’amifashe.

Uyu muti ujya kugira imbaraga byatangiye guhera aho bwana Trump uyobora America yawukoresheje nyuma yuko bamusanzemo Covid-19. Kuva icyo gihe ntayo barongera kumusangamo. Kugeza ubu muri Amerika hamaze gutangazwa abantu barenga miliyoni 8,4 banduye Covid-19, muri bo abarenga 220,000 yarabishe nkuko imibare ya Kaminuza ya Johns Hopkins ibigaragaza.

N’iki kigenzi gitangazwa n’iki kigo ‘FDA’?

Mu itangazo rya FDA ivuga ko uwo muti wemejwe ejo ku wa kane ngo "ukoreshwe ku barwayi bakuru n'abana b'imyaka 12 no hejuru yayo kandi bapima ibiro bitari munsi ya 40 mu kubavura Covid-19 bicyeneye ko bashyirwa mu bitaro".

Bwana Stephen Hahn ukuriye ikigo FDA yagize mumagambo ye yagize ati:

"Uku kuwemeza uyu munsi [ejo ku wa kane] byisunze amakuru yavuye mu magerageza menshi iki kigo cyagenzuye bikomeye kandi iyi ni intambwe y'ingenzi muri siyansi muri iki cyorezo cya Covid-19".

FDA yavuze ko uyu mwanzuro wo kwemeza uyu muti wafashwe hagendewe ku isesengura ry'amakuru yavuye mu magerageza atatu yakozwe mu buryo bwo gutomboza ku barwayi ba Covid-19 bashyizwe mu bitaro barimo abarembye n'abarwaye byoroheje.

OMS itangaza iki kuri uyu muti?

Mu bushakashatsi yakoze, OMS yasuzumye ingaruka z'ine mu yishobora kuba imiti ya Covid-19. Remdesivir yari umwe muri iyo miti, ariko OMS yanasuzumye umuti hydroxychloroquine wa malaria, wifitemo ubushobozi bwo gutera ubwirinzi.

Hari kandi n'imiti ibiri mu yoroshya ubukana bwa VIH/HIV (SIDA) ari yo lopinavir na ritonavir.

Umuti wa dexamethasone ubu ukoreshwa cyane ku barwayi ba Covid-19 bari mu cyumba cy'indembe mu Bwongereza, ntabwo wo wasuzumwe mu bushakashatsi bwa OMS. Iyo miti ine yageragejwe ku barwayi bakuze 11,266 bo mu bitaro 500 byo mu bihugu birenga 30 ku isi.

Ibyavuye muri ubwo bushakashatsi bwa OMS ntibirasuzumwa n'abandi bashakashatsi. Bigaragaza ko nta n'umwe muri iyo miti ine ufite akamaro gakomeye mu kurinda kwicwa na Covid-19 cyangwa kugabanya igihe umurwayi wayo amara mu bitaro, nkuko OMS ibivuga.

Src: bbc 






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  • Felix1 month ago
    aba ntumuri amerika imibareyabapfa yaragabanutse?


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