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Bimwe mu bimenyetso bigaragazwa n’umuntu ushaka kwiyahura ndetse n’uburyo wamufasha kubireka

Yanditswe na: Eric Misigaro
Taliki:10/09/2019 11:07
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Kwiyambura ubuzima ni igikorwa gikunze gukorwa n’abantu hirya no hino kw’isi mu bice bitandukanye, gusa iki gikorwa ntabwo kiza umunsi umwe. Kwiyambura ubuzima ni ibintu bitegurwa igihe kinini. Muri iyi nkuru tugiye kwifashisha inzobere zitandukanye turebere hamwe ibyo zivuga ku gikorwa cyo kwiyambura ubuzima (kwiyahura).



Kwiyahura cyangwa kwiyambura ubuzima ni icyemezo gisa n’ikigoye gufata mu buzima ariko benshi barabikora ndetse benshi bibaza impamvu ibitera bikabayobera. Ugasanga hari abibaza bati 'ese haba hari ibimenyetso umuntu mukorana cyangwa mubana ashobora kugaragaza mbere y'uko yiyambura ubuzima'? Ese biramutse bihari ukamubona ni gute wamufasha akaba yahagarika uyu mugambi mubisha?  Ese umuntu wiyahura yaba hari ikibazo aba yagize kijyanye n’uburwayi runaka'? 

Twifashishije ubushakashatsi bwakozwe n’inzobere zitandukanye mu bumenyi bujyanye n’imitekereze ya muntu ndetse n’ibitabo bitandukanye tugiye kugaruka kuri iki kibazo cyo kwiyambura ubuzima ndetse n'ikibitera. Umuryango “World Health Organization” batubwira ko nibura buri nyuma y'amasegonda 40 haba hamaze kwiyahura umuntu umwe (1), ni ukuvuga umunsi ugira amasegonda 86400 bisobnuye ko nibura abantu 2160 biyahura buri munsi ku isi hose. Iki kigeraranyo kitwereka ko mu mwaka nibura hapfa abasaga 788400 .Benshi mu nzobere zitandukanye hari ibintu bavuga bikunda gutuma abantu biyambura ubuzima bashingiye ku bushakatsi baba barakoze, batubwira ko akenshi abantu biyahura bakunze kuba bafite ibibazo byiganjemo:

1.       Gutandukana n'abakunzi babo kubyakira bikabananira

2.        Ibibazo by’ubukene

3.        Ihohoterwa rishingiye ku mibonano mpuzabitsinda y'agahato

4.       Kwirukanywa mu muryango, ku ishuri cyangwa ku kazi

5.       Kwiheba biturutse ku gikorwa kibi wakoze cyangwa wakorewe (remorse) urugero ugasanga bamufotoye yambaye ubusa kwihangana bikamunanira

6.       Kunywa ibiyobyabwenge byinshi bikabije

7.       Itotezwa rya hato na hato

8.       Uburwayi budakira

Bimwe mu binyetso bikunzwe kugaragara ku muntu ufite umugambi wo kwiyambura ubuzima:Inzobere zitubwira ko umuntu ufata icyemezo cyo kwiyahura atari uko aba ashaka kwiyambura ubuzima ahubwo aba ashaka kurangiza ibibazo cyangwa uburibwe bw’ikintu aba ahora yibuka cyangwa atekereza kiba cyaranze kumuha amahwemo mu buzima, agahitamo umuti wo kukirangiza binyuze mu kwiyambura ubuzima. Dore muri bimwe mu bimenyetso bizakwereka ko umuntu ashobora kuba atekereza cyangwa afite umugambi wo kwikura mu buzima:

1. Guhindura imyitwarire: Muri uku guhindura imyitwarire inzobere ituruka muri Kaminuza y’ubuvuzi ya Arizona “Joel A. Dvoskin” avuga ko akenshi umuntu ugiye kwiyahura mu guhindura imyitwarire ye haba higanjemo gukora ibintu bimubabaza ndetse cyane cyane akikorera ikintu ubona ko ari kibi kuri we ariko wowe ukaba ubona ntacyo bimubwiye kandi ubusanzwe atariko byari bisanzwe.

2. Kwigunga:  Inzobere mu bijyanye n’imitekerereze ya muntu Daniel J. Reidenberg atubwira ko ushobora kuba wari usanzwe uzi umuntu ari umuntu ukunda gusabana n’abandi ariko umunsi ku wundi ukabona arimo guhitamo kujya yigendana cyangwa akunda kwicara ahantu ha wenyine atagikunze kuvugana cyangwa guhura n’abandi. Aha nubona uyu muntu uzatangire umube hafi ashobora kuba yatekereza kwigirira nabi cyangwa afite ikibazo gishobora kumushora mu kaga.

3. Uzasanga asigaye yivugisha ko nta mpamvu yo kubana n'abantu ndetse ko nta n'inyungu zo kuvugana n'abantu: Akenshi abantu bakunda kwiyahura baba bahuye n’ibibazo byakozwe na bagenzi babo baba basigaye bumva nta nyungu zo kubana n’abantu bakabona kandi ko no kubaho ntacyo bimumariye. Iki gihe aba yumva kubaho byaranze ndetse nta n'icyo bimaze.

4. Umuntu wakundaga umurimo, ishuri cyangwa gukora siporo uzasanga asigaye yiganyira ndetse rimwe na rimwe anabihagarike nta mpamvu ndetse nta n'ikindi kintu arimo gukora: Twese mu buzima duhora cyane ngo dutere imbere ndetse bamwe ugasanga twabaye imbata y’ibintu runaka ndetse no kuba twabihagarika bitapfa kutworohera ariko umuntu ufite uyu mugambi mubisha wo kwiyambura ubuzima ahita areka gutekereza akazi cyangwa ishuri nta mpamvu ndetse akenshi ugasanga yirirwa aryamye cyangwa akishora mu biyobyabwenge.

5. Uzasanga yibanda ku biganiro cyangwa asoma ibitabo biganisha ku bikorwa bibisha, urugero azahora areba cyangwa yibaza uko wagura imbunda cyangwa usange akunda gushushanya ibishushanyo by’imbunda ndetse anareba na filime zigize aho zihuriye n'ubwiyahuzi cyangwa ubwihebe atari asanzwe abikunda. Ku kijyanye n'uyu muntu ufite umugambi wo kwiyahura ni uko ahora atekereza ikintu gifite aho gihuriye n’ubwiyahuzi, Dr.Reidenberg avuga ko umuntu uzabona ahora avuga ku bintu bijyanye n’ubwiyahuzi iki nacyo benshi mu biyahura bakunze kugihuriraho.

6.  Umuntu ashobora kuba afite uyu mugambi akunze kugaragaza ibimenyetso atarasanzwe akunda kugira nko kubura ibitotsi nta mpamvu, gutakaza ibiro nta gitera ndetse no guhorana amaganya adashira. Akenshi aba bantu bakunze guhorana amaganya y'uko nta mpamvu yo kuba bari mu buzima ndetse n'iyo yatangiye kujya abura ibitotsi cyane kandi nta mpamvu uyu umuntu umubonye ushobora kumuba hafi kuko iki nacyo ni ikimenyetso kiri mu by'ingenzi abantu bafite umugambi wo kwiyambura ubuzima bahuriraho. Icyakora Dr. Dvoskin avuga ko kenshi abantu bafite kwiheba cyangwa amaganya bose siko baba bafite uyu mugambi kandi akemeza ko benshi iyo bimenyekanye iki kibazo kirakira kandi vuba.

7. Akenshi uyu muntu ahora avuga ko nta bufasha ahabwa n’inshuti cyangwa imiryango ye. Ahora afite impamvu zivuga ko nta muntu umukunze kandi ko abantu bose bamwanze kandi ku kigero cyo hejuru. Iki gihe umuntu ufite iki kibazo aba asigaye avuga ko nta n’impamvu yo kuba ariho cyangwa afite ubuzima.  

8. Kwitesha agaciro bikabije: Umuntu ufite intumbero yo kwishyira mu kagozi uzasanga niba yari umuntu ukomeye ndetse yarahawe n’ibihembo cyangwa yafatwaga nk'umuntu wubashywe asigaye avuga ko nta n'icyo amaze. Umuntu watangiye kwigira uku aba ashobora no kuba yakwiyahura kuko aba asigaye avuga ko ntacyo kubaho cyangwa ibyo yagezeho bimumariye.

Ese ni gute wafasha umuntu ushobora kuba yagaragayeho ibimenyetso byo kwikura mu buzima akaba yahindura izi ntekerezo zidahwitse?Akenshi abantu bafite ibitecyerezo byo kwiyahura bitangira bumva batagikunze ubuzima nk'uko zimwe mu nzobere mu bijyanye n’imitekerereze ya muntu zibivuga, ngo baba bumva ibibazo bafite nta kindi kintu cyabikemura cyangwa ngo kibigabanye usibye kuva mu buzima. Akenshi gufasha aba bantu biba bisa n’ibigoye, gusa ikintu cy'ibanze baba bakeneye ni ukubona abantu bamenya ibibazo bafite ndetse nyuma yo kumenya ibi bibazo bakabona ubufasha bw'ibitecyerezo bigamije gutuma bagira icyizere cy’ubuzima bwiza akenshi binyura mu kubaganiriza.

Igihe uzabona umwana, inshuti cyangwa umuvandimwe wawe yatangiye kugaragaza ibimenyetso muri bimwe twavuze haruguru, gerageza umube hafi ndetse niba uziranye n’umuntu uzi ibijyanye n’imitecyerereze ya muntu, wamujyanayo akamuganiriza. Gusa mu bihugu bikiri mu nzira y’iterambere biragoye kuba wabona aba bantu naho baba ni ku bitaro cyangwa ku bigo by'amashuli bimwe na bimwe, gusa akenshi n'abashinzwe umutekano hari igihe bashobora gutanga ubufasha bw'ibanze.

Ikindi ni uko mu gihe umuntu afite iki kibazo usanga adakunda abantu bamwiyegereza, gusa iyo wamaze kubona ko ashobora kuba afite iki kibazo gerageza ukore uko ushoboye umutware gacye gacye, uko ugenda umwumvisha buryo ki ari uw'ingenzi unafitiye akamaro benshi, azagenda ahindura intekekerezo gaho gahoro.

Urugero niba ari wa muntu ufite ikibazo cyo gutandukana cyangwa guhemukirwa n'uwo bakundanaga ukaba wabasha kumubwira ko bishoboka ko azabona undi kandi w'agaciro uzamukunda kandi uruta uwo wamwanze cyangwa wamuhemukiye, inzobere zitubwira ko n'ubwo bigoye ariko byoroshye cyane kandi bishoboka kuba wahindura intecyerezo z'uyu muntu ufite umugambi wo kwiyambura ubuzima akaba yabivamo mu gihe wabimenye.

Ese umuntu ashobora kwiyahura bitewe n’uburwayi runaka yaba afite?Inzobere zitandukanye zitubwira ko ko akenshi abantu bakunze kwiyahura bitangira bafite ibibazo bisanzawe ariko bikaza kugera ku rwego bisa naho byarenze ubushobozi bwa nyirabyo bikagera aho yumva ahaze ubuzima. Bimwe mu bikunze guhitana abantu ni byo twabonye haruguru. Gusa benshi bakunze kubikora barabanza bagafata ibiyobyabwenge bitandukanye bakabona gushirika ubwoba bwo kwiyambura ubuzima. 

Inzobere zivuga ko benshi mu bantu bakunze kwiyahura bakunze kuba baramaze kwangirika mu mutwe bitewe n'uko iyo bahuye n'ikibazo bahita batangira gufata ibiyobyabwenge byinshi cyane bigatuma bangirika mu bwonko. Kwiyahura ni igikorwa kitagira aho cyagenewe ndetse n'aho kitagenewe. Tugendeye ku rutonde rwakozwe na worldpopulationreview.com ku wa 27 Kanama 2019, ibihugu 5 ku isi biza ku isonga mu kugira umubare mwinshi w'abantu biyahura: 1. Lithuania, 2. Russia, 3. Guyana, 4. South Korea, 5. Belarus.  

Mu gutegura iyi nkuru twifashishije imbuga nka rd.com, thehealthy.com, afsp.org na joeldvoskin.com







IBITECYEREZO

  • Bisco1 week ago
    Ibi bintu muvuze nibyo najye nigeze ngira igitecyerezo cyo kwiyahura ariko Mbona ari Imana yandize kuko nubu byasigiye ibikomere ariko bijyeda bishira kuko byari biturutse ku mugore twashakanye kuko yanteye ibikomere byinshi kwiyahura nibintu bisazwe kdi mbona byiyongera kubera imibereho abantu bafite hakiyongeraho nibiyobyabwejye byabaye byinshi


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